Security in Somalia has deteriorated drastically since 2008, where the Ethiopian backed Transitional Federal Government of Somalia (TFG) and the insurgents of the Al-Shabaab group and the Islamic Courts Union (ICU) have continued fighting in the south central zone (SCZ) of Somalia, displacing over one million within Somalia and forcing hundreds of thousands to seek refugee in neighbouring countries: Ethiopia, Djibouti, Yemen and Kenya. Continued violence and fractioning along clan lines have made operations for humanitarian aid an overall challenge. International Aid workers have been evacuated from the country as they are seen has viable targets for kidnappings and ransoms, as well as seen as supporters of the TFG. An increasing number of humanitarian workers have been killed, abducted and their vehicles hijacked.
The programme was completed in april 2012.